Sheikh Fahad bin Ahmed bin Mohamed bin Thani Al-Thani was born in 1969.  Sheikh Fahad is a member of the Al Thani family, the dominant tribe which has ruled the Qatari peninsula for over 100 years.  The Al Thanis originally settled in Doha under the direction of Mohamed bin Thani, who represented the Qatari people until 1876.  All subsequent leaders of Qatar have descended of Mohamed Bin Thani.  As the family has grown over subsequent generations, not all branches are considered to hold the same influence. The Jassim branch, to which Sheikh Fahd belongs, is considered to be the preeminent.

Sheikh Fahad’s father, Sheikh Ahmed bin Mohamed bin Thani Al Thani, passed away over 20 years ago.  His mother, Noor bint Abdullah bin Thani Al Thani, is closely-related to the current Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, and the former Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.  In 2018, Sheikh Fahad’s mother passed away.

Sheikh Fahad is married and has four sons: Ahmad, Nayef, Faisal, and Abdulrahman.  His brothers: Khalid, Jassim, and Hamad were founding members of Al Gharrafah FC a successful soccer club in the local Qatari league.  Currently, the club’s current president is Jassim bin Thamer, Sheikh Fahd’s first cousin.

Sheikh Fahad’s uncle is the founder of the controversial Sheikh Eid bin Mohamed Al Thani Charitable Association.  The association has been accused by Israel of funneling funds to Hamas through its charitable endeavors in the Gaza Strip and in 2013, one of the founders of the association, Abd Al-Rahman al-Nouami, was named a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the U.S. Government for his alleged role in facilitating financing and communications for Al-Qaeda affiliates in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, and Somalia.

Sheikh Fahad has operated businesses within and outside of Qatar, including amongst others: commercial real estate development and investment, car rental, restaurants and food service companies, finance and investments, and construction services and infrastructure. 

In 2003, Sheikh Fahad was accused of violating the UN Food for Oil Program by importing laser devices into Iraq and selling them to Al Bashair Trading Co., the major weapons-purchasing agent for the Saddam Hussein regime.  Sheikh Fahad worked with an individual in Canada to procure the lasers and had them shipped directly to Jordan before transporting them to Iraq.  The laser devices could be adapted for use in guiding missiles or jamming radar.